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A Beginner’s Guide to Eye Care Options – Part 2: Common Vision Problems and Vision Therapy Hero

A Beginner’s Guide to Eye Care Options – Part 2: Common Vision Problems and Vision Therapy

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One of the most common kinds of eye problems is dry eye syndrome, or simply dry eyes. In fact, it’s so common that around 5-34% of people have experienced it, and up to 70% of older adults have this condition. While treating dry eye is fairly straightforward, early treatment is important to avoid long-term damage. This is why you need to learn the common signs of dry eye syndrome.

Dry eyes occur when your eyes’ tear glands fail to secrete enough tears to keep your eyes lubricated. Thus, the eyeballs are irritated by friction and foreign particles as they move around in the eye sockets. Dry eye is usually accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Slight stinging sensation in the eyes
  • Increased sensitivity to light
  • General discomfort throughout the day
  • Frequent itching in the eyes
  • Redness or inflammation in one or both eyes
  • Blurred vision

If you think you have a case of dry eyes, it’s important to seek treatment early on; over time, constant irritation and friction on the eyeballs can lead to inflammation, infection, and even long-term vision problems. The good news is that there are plenty of available treatment options for dry eye.

  • Teardrops and ointments – The most common treatment procedure, especially for milder cases of dry eye. You just need to take a drop or two every now and then to keep the eyes from getting dry.
  • Punctal occlusions – Partially plugging the tear ducts to keep your tears from getting drained too fast by the tear ducts. Could either be temporary (such as collagen plugs) or permanent (via cauterization), depending on the severity of the problem.
  • Lipiflow – A procedure that releases lipids that help the eyes produce a film of oil that keeps the tears from evaporating too quickly.

That’s it for dry eye, but how about eye problems that affect your vision? Check out the next part of this series to learn more about vision therapy.


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  • Written by Justin Bazan

    Dr. Justin Bazan is a 2004 SUNY College of Optometry graduate. He established Park Slope Eye in 2008 with the goal of providing high quality eyecare and incredible eyewear for the neighborhood. He has a true passion for optometry and stay up to date with the current research and trends. He is active in the profession and holds several leadership positions on the local, state and national levels. Dr. Bazan is a Park Slope local and can often be seen out in the neighborhood so be sure to say Hi next time you see him!

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