Glaucoma 101 Part 2: Detection and Treatment Hero

Glaucoma 101 Part 2: Detection and Treatment

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Glaucoma is the second leading cause of vision loss in the world, accounting for around 9-12% of all reported cases of blindness. In fact, more than 120,000 affected individuals in the U.S. lose their sight due to glaucoma.

Glaucoma 101 Part 2: Detection and Treatment

As we observe Glaucoma Awareness Month this January, Park Slope Eye, your esteemed family eye care clinic, is committed to spreading awareness about glaucoma and how it is treated.

How Do You Detect Glaucoma?

The most reliable way to confirm glaucoma is through a complete eye examination. Our screening process often includes a tonometry test to measure your intraocular pressure (IOP) levels. This may involve releasing a small puff of air into your eyes. We’ll then check your cornea for any indentations and evaluate its ability to resist pressure. Values above the normal range of 12-22 mmHg may be a sign of glaucoma.

Your eye doctor may also use a pachometer to assess the thickness of your cornea. Through a slit-lamp exam, we may inspect your drainage angle for any obstructions or structural irregularities and your optic nerve for any signs of damage. We may perform a visual field test as well to assess your ability to see the objects at your sides clearly.

What Are the Treatment Options for Glaucoma?

Optical damage caused by glaucoma is generally irreversible. Certain medications and treatment options, however, can help halt the progression of the disease and preserve your eyesight. Applying IOP-lowering eye drops can help reduce eye fluid production or promote better fluid flow into the drainage angle.

Corrective surgery may also be part of your eye care plan. Trabeculoplasty, for example, is often recommended for those with open-angle glaucoma. This is a laser-assisted procedure that aims to make the emptying angle more efficient in draining eye fluids. We usually advise iridotomy for those with narrow-angle glaucoma. Using a laser beam, we’ll create a tiny hole in your iris, increasing fluid outflow.

For more information about our glaucoma care services, fill out our contact form to schedule an appointment. We serve Brooklyn, NY, and the surrounding areas. Check out the first half of this two-part blog to learn about the risk factors, root cause and major types of glaucoma.

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  • Written by Justin Bazan

    Dr. Justin Bazan is a 2004 SUNY College of Optometry graduate. He established Park Slope Eye in 2008 with the goal of providing high quality eyecare and incredible eyewear for the neighborhood. He has a true passion for optometry and stay up to date with the current research and trends. He is active in the profession and holds several leadership positions on the local, state and national levels. Dr. Bazan is a Park Slope local and can often be seen out in the neighborhood so be sure to say Hi next time you see him!

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