The Link Between Myopia, Cataracts and Glaucoma Hero

The Link Between Myopia, Cataracts and Glaucoma

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Myopia (more commonly known as nearsightedness) is the most common refractive error. It causes difficulty seeing things from afar, while your close-range vision remains sharp. Having myopia can also increase your risk of developing other eye conditions.

The Link Between Myopia, Cataracts and Glaucoma

Park Slope Eye, your trusted family eye care clinic, talks about some eyesight irregularities that are related to myopia.

Cataracts

Cataracts often develop as part of the natural aging process. That said, they can be more common among people with myopia. A recent study showed that patients with high myopia developed cataracts earlier than those who had no refractive errors. Additionally, visual improvements following cataract surgery among highly nearsighted individuals were not as good as among those without myopia.

In addition, an Australian study that involved 3,600 adults between the ages of 49 to 97 found that the risk of developing cataracts increased as their myopia progressed. Your eye care specialist shares that the odds of developing cataracts were twice as high among subjects with severe nearsightedness than those who only had low myopia.

Glaucoma

In the same Australian study, results revealed that signs of glaucoma were found in 4.2% of the subjects who had mild myopia. Those who had moderate to high nearsightedness, on the other hand, had a 4.4% risk of developing glaucoma, while individuals with normal visual acuity only had a 1.5% risk of developing glaucoma. The researchers concluded that nearsighted subjects two- to three-times higher risk of developing glaucoma than participants who did not have myopia.

A Chinese study found similar results. Glaucoma risk was higher among those with severe myopia. Your eye doctor explains that among the adult participants who were 40 years of age and older, those who were nearsighted had more than twice the risk of developing glaucoma, compared to the subjects with moderate myopia. They also had three times the risk of developing glaucoma than individuals with mild nearsightedness.

Having regular eye exams and managing myopia early on can help lower your risk of developing these conditions. Complete our form and schedule an appointment to learn about our myopia control options. We serve Brooklyn, NY, and nearby areas.

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  • Written by Justin Bazan

    Dr. Justin Bazan is a 2004 SUNY College of Optometry graduate. He established Park Slope Eye in 2008 with the goal of providing high quality eyecare and incredible eyewear for the neighborhood. He has a true passion for optometry and stay up to date with the current research and trends. He is active in the profession and holds several leadership positions on the local, state and national levels. Dr. Bazan is a Park Slope local and can often be seen out in the neighborhood so be sure to say Hi next time you see him!

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